“Consider Your Confine”
by Thoss W. Taylor.”
A conceptual art exhibition created in an edition of 100.
Exhibited in more than 20 museums, universities and galleries, coast-to-coast in the U.S.A. and including Nova Scotia.
Launched May 2, 1971, at The Eugenia Butler Gallery, 615 La Cienega Blvd. Los Angeles CA.
“Round Peg, Square Hole” The artist and companion Bob Arnett, collaboration,
a 1970 gay couple in the confines of a culture where it is illegal to be gay — like the misfit of a round peg in a square hole.
A confine collaboration with the artist’s father–this rare ink drawing by Amos Taylor. #30/100
The common purpose of each piece is to visually define the concept of “Confine.” Taylor says: “I became intrigued with the limitations of time and space, the personal confines of the individual and those artifacts of everyday life which define them. The word became all inclusive as I progressed and by the time I reached 100 different approaches to the word ‘confine’ it seemed everything was a confine—my body, my community, it includes everything.”
“Confine: Protect, Restrict, Identify.”
The fine print of the confines defined within the Confine Collection.
“without windows without doors without a mouth to speak” 48″ x 38″ acrylic on masonite
© 2008 The Poet Spiel
“Intricate pencil compositions by Thoss W. Taylor have a frugal quality to both their thought and form. The delicacy of touch and balance projected by the intriguing drawings does not detract from the seriousness, the spirituality, of this enormously gifted artist’s speculations. So light is his touch that some of the most fragile arrangements seem to have been drawn by an invisible hand.”
Even with a blue sky, green grass and a yellow sun,
without windows or doors
to see or feel them,
his icon reflects the Confine
he so hoped to bust loose with the Confine collection.
The way he imagines it on the below Confine page, it becomes a vehicle for the phrase:
But 1971 also was a “drop out” year for him.
Just as The Confine Show began to appear nation-wide in multiple major art venues, Taylor and his companion traded his silver Porsche for a 1941 Jeep and they headed for the mountains of far northern California with a “stony” dream of escaping their confines. In May of 1972, from his mountain retreat, the artist instructed his colleague Cathy Brown to follow through with his precisely described destruction event–she buried all remaining Confine materials under the front lawn of her Bronson Avenue Los Angeles home.
A heady collaboration with sculptor Lorinda Roland. #30/100.
“a consideration of the possibility of the misrepresentation of a confine” Bob Arnett / Thoss Taylor #30/100
So characteristic of the spirit of the late 60s, this piece by Bob Arnett and Thoss Taylor, #8/100, attempts to break cliched ways of common thinking.
In alphabetic order, below, are museums, universities and galleries where “Consider Your Confine” is known to have been exhibited in its entirety—1971-2015. Edition number represents The Total Confine provided to each institution for exhibition. (If you are aware of any “Consider Your Confine” exhibition not listed here, or if you are aware of the whereabouts of any of the Total Confines or if you are able to identify errors in the information provided here, please contact spielspeak (at) earthlink.net Bradford Junior College, Bradford MA, 1971, May 3-May 22. Edition #4 of 100. Doug Huebler curator? Brand Library Art Center, Glendale, CA 1971, May 6-30. Edition #18 of 100. Gallery Director, Robert Smith. No reference to Confines on file in 1982 inquiry. California Institute of the Arts, Burbank, CA 1971, May 2-May 31. Edition #12 of 100. Doug Huebler curator? Center for Idea Art, Denver CO 1989, Nov. 11-Dec 4. Probably Edition #30. Large silkscreen show poster created by Paul Schroader with focus on The Hitler Piece, “sky/grass” hand-painted by Taylor, acrylic. 100 pieces exhibited at eye level around the gallery, each piece beneath glass. Charles Cowles, New York City, NY 1971, Private showing, 59 Wooster Street, NYC Edition #69 Retained in private collection. Colorado State University-Pueblo, Nov. 5, 2012-Jan, 18, 2013, CSUP Arts & Music Bldg. Pueblo CO “VOICES” The most comprehensive collection of this artist’s work ever assembled for exhibition Corcoran Gallery, Washington D.C. 1973. April 30. Galleries 6-9. Edition #99 of 100. Not exhibited in 1971 as indicated on original invitation. No available record of length of exhibition. Accessioned into permanent collection–Accession #1972.26.1-100, Titled as “A Total Confine.” Walter Hopps, Director. The Eugenia Butler Gallery, Los Angeles CA 1971. May 2-31. Edition #50. National exhibitions of “Consider Your Confine” launched by Taylor’s representative, Eugenia Butler. The 100 pieces of this Total Confine are mounted in a grid in the display window of the gallery to be viewed night and day by La Cienega Blvd passersby. This is the final exhibition by the late Eugenia Butler senior, who played a critical role in the initial support of some of southern California’s most important artists of this period, including: John Baldessari, George Brecht, Doug Hoebler, Edward Kienholz, Joseph Kosuth, Richard Jackson, Dieter Rot and Lawrence Weiner. It was the indomitable spirit of Eugenia Butler that paved the way for “Consider Your Confines” to be exhibited, concurrently, coast-to-coast, in 16 venues in ’71. Hunter College, New York City, NY 1971, May 2-31. Edition #19. “Records have been lost,” May 1982 quote from Gallery Assistant. Holds no records of shows before 1977. Immaculate Heart College, Los Angeles, CA 1971, May 2-31. Edition #14 of 100 The Landmark Gallery, Longmont, CO 1981. Probably Edition #30. Newport Harbor Art Museum, Balboa, CA 1971, April 28-May 31. Edition # 56. Exhibited in small room normally used as a Sales and Rental Gallery. NHAM did not collect art at the time so Director Thomas H. Garver accepted The Total Confine in artist’s custom Lucite box with interior mirrored back and self-bracketed for hanging, as a gift from Taylor representative, Eugenia Butler. Nova Scotia College of Art, Halifax, Nova Scotia 1971, May 2-13, Edition #17. Mezzanine Gallery. Archived in Nova Scotia College of Art and Design Library: #Arch N6537 T39 T6. Gallery Director, Allan MacKay. Park-Bernet/ Houston Museum of Contemporary Art, Houston TX 1971, May 7-May 25. Probably edition #75. Listed in possession of Sebastion Adler who may have been art director at HMCA at that time. Records were lost in a flood. Pioneer Museum, Longmont, CO 1971, May 16-May 31. Edition #30. (see footnotes *5) Gifted to artist’s Colorado hometown by art dealer Eugenia Butler. Pirate / A Contemporary Art Oasis, Denver CO 1987. Exhibited within Taylor solo exhibition,“Eating the Dream.” Probably Edition #30. Believed to be exhibited in grid on cardboard backing. PST / Perpetual Conceptual: Echoes of Eugenia Butler, West Hollywood, CA. 2012. Represented by Corazon del Sol, #51/100 exhibited in West Hollywood City Hall, as a minor fragment of the multi-museum, multi-gallery, multi-space exhibitions, united by The Getty Research Institute, portraying the importance of art produced in Los Angeles between 1945-1980. Reese Palley Gallery, San Francisco, CA. 1971, May 11-June 5. Edition # 2. Reviewed as “too cerebral.” Carol Linsley, Curator / Brenda Richardson, Assistant Curator. Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 1971, May 2-May 31. Edition # 21. San Juan Gallery @ PCC, Pueblo CO. 2015, March 4- April 8. Edition #30 45 year anniversary of the conception of this collection of 100 pieces. Santa Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara, CA 1971, May 2-May 31. Edition #55 Exhibited in conceptual format as scrapbook on coffee table. University of California / Davis, CA 1971 May 2-May 31. Edition #7? University of California / San Diego, CA 1971. # not known. University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, CO 1983, –Aug. 28. The Michener Library Exhibited lying flat in glass display cases within a greater Taylor retrospective “The Graphic Adventures of Tom Taylor.” Probably Edition #30. Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, CT 1971, May 4-June 15 in Avery Court. Edition #3. Peter Marlow, Chief Curator. Total Confine was not retained as Museum was not yet creating a permanent collection.
Confine classifications / Collaborations / Prices/ Titles #30/100
Taylor’s 12/1970 personal letter to Eugenia Butler expressing his mental flip-flops during the creation of Consider Your Confines
Hiroshima page may have been ripped from “LOOK” magazine in about 1970. Hi-lighted Letters to the Editor quotes:
In a 2011 consideration of his Confines collection, Taylor finds the work to be an apt reflection of the time in which it was created. He is thrown back to the sort of quasi-intellectualism when hippies wandered about spouting what they believed to be wise thoughts. And some of that language finds its way into his own definitions of Confines. He finds his intentionally childlike drawings direct and refreshing and their Confine messages easy to grasp, like his “Hammer and Pitcher” page below.
“Hammer and Pitcher” The possibility that one Confine simply becomes another? Thoss Taylor #30/100 As in, Out of the frying pan into the fire.
Concept Artist, Paul Cotton, a close associate of Eugenia Butler, invents his own language. #30/100 pretends to include the actual signature of Maurice Tuchman. Tuchman was Senior Curator for The Los Angeles County Museum of Art for 30 years and is a supporter of outsider art in Los Angeles. He did, in fact, sign a different Cotton piece and he initialed a piece in this collection which reads: “The stand is not just a resting place…” Throughout Cotton’s edition of his Eyewitness piece, he takes the liberty to step outside his own Confine, set up with the solid line where we see Tuchman’s signature here. And in other editions, he uses no signature at all or the signature of others who, in his words “…are Beings with whom I have Eye-Dentified as Members of the Meating in the instant-all-at–onceness…”
T-Bone Burnett / Thoss W. Taylor #30/100
Suzanne NOGUCHI SWAIN 30/100.
“Animals and plants resemble each other most in lower forms.
The one-celled plant, Bacterium, was at one time classed as an animal
and scientists still disagree as to which Kingdom the slime mold belongs.”
Dalton Trumbo, controversial, prolific and much sought after screenwriter, offered Taylor his choice from random thoughts he’d scribbled on scraps of paper and stashed in shoe-boxes.
Trivia / history about the artist, the Confine collections and individual pieces.
1. Most of the Confines illustrations on this site are scanned from #30 Total Confine. 2. Artist and or collaborator received #1 of each edition. 3. “Letters to the Editor” at Life Magazine received #16 at the request of artist. No response from Life is known. 4. #8/100. Gifted to Taylor by Cathy Brown 5. #30/100. Gifted to artist’s hometown of Longmont Colorado by Eugenia Butler at Taylor’s request. It was exhibited in the Pioneer Museum to celebrate his May 15 birthday in Longmont. The Museum censored two collaborated pieces, considering them inappropriate for public display: Cathy Brown’s child pissing photo and Bill Lobo’s sterile nude photos of the artist. When the collection was disassembled, several pieces were damaged as tape applied to the backs was ripped away. Not fully recognizing the value of the Total Confine as art, the Museum forfeited it to private Landmark Gallery owner, Kathy Sherman. Sherman gifted it back to Taylor upon his return to Colorado after living and working as a wildlife artist in Zambia. 6. #80/100. Gift of the artist to former patron and Confine collaborator, Dalton Trumbo. 7. #83/100. A gift to The Denver Art Museum by Mr. and Mrs. John Tensfeldt. Accepted for museum collection by Director Richard Teitz and Curator Dianne Vanderlip. DAM Catalog No. TL-8262. 1-.100. Dated December 29, 1986. 8. #100/100. Personal issue retained by Thoss W. Taylor for private collection. It is known to have been destroyed by Taylor after he “dropped out” of the Hollywood scene and moved to the woods of far Northern California. 9. Excerpted from July 1983 Loveland Daily Reporter article, “Taylor career takes shape around symbol,” by Phyllis Walbye.
“Being young in California in the 60’s meant breaking down rules to see what would happen. You jumped off just to see where you would land…especially if you were an artist. It was the time of “happenings,” of minimalism and of conceptual art,” he (Taylor) said. “I had always had a strongly conceptual mind and the new conceptual art was opening up all kinds of media. It was art of the mind and it could be done any way. There was something in the air during that time that I wanted to define. I was shooting for a presentation about life the way I saw it,” he continued. … During the days his art was minimalist in style, (two solo exhibits of minimalist drawings at the venerable Rex Evans Gallery, also located on La Cienega Blvd. in Los Angeles) he began to be haunted by a simple symbol – an odd-shaped little house that seemed to represent both his past and his present. Once he defined the symbol as a confine, he thought, “I am confined. But by what?” Taylor’s list of “what?” blossomed into a definitive and significant statement of the human condition as seen by himself and by those he knew would be articulate verbally and visually. Many were artists, writers and performers. … “When I began the ‘Confines’ show I wanted to let others into my world to question and argue, compromise and make a piece of art between us. Of course compromise was a confine in itself. The format probably came out of my (recent) minimalist approach to art and my passion for reducing things to their most simple form. In the beginning I guess I was just playing with the concept and early pieces now look shallow… The first piece was my chest X-ray, suggesting the first confine is the body even when you can’t see it. The first pieces…were tight and clean but the farther I went the more I realized a definition of life cannot be tight and clean. I relaxed more and became even childlike in simplifying the drawings,…” “For many of the (collaborators) the experience of recognizing their confine was a little like coming out of prison. The question I kept asking them and myself was ‘Can you see beyond what you think you are?’ Sometimes as I thought about the work I felt it was a quasi-intellectual drama. Definition seemed so futile. A lot of it was making fun of all the emerging scientific approaches for human ‘beingness.’ It was life and death and tongue in cheek all at the same time,”… “Well into the two years of work on it I was no longer driven to make it an ‘achievement’ anymore but it still seemed important to me that we were at least trying – even if we ended with a question that could not be answered,…”
Loveland Daily Reporter by Phyllis Walbye
10. A five page website www.thepoetspiel.name contains substantial visual and verbal information about the long and diverse career of
aka Tom Taylor
aka The Poet Spiel
Please note: permission to use Spiel/Taylor work in any form must first be obtained by specific request, per item, per usage.